Posted on March 12, 2012. Time – 12:09 AM
Chatsworth House as Pemberley of Pride and Prejudice
“It was a large, handsome, stone building, standing well on rising ground, and backed by a ridge of high woody hills; —and in front, a stream of some natural importance was swelled into greater, but without any artificial appearance…. ”
Pemberley is a fictional estate owned by Mr. Fitzwilliam Darcy, a male protagonist in Pride and Prejudice, a novel by Jane Austen. Pemberley is believed to be located near a town called Lambton. Pemberley, in Jane Austen’s novel was described as a large, handsome, stone building, standing well on rising ground, which was backed by a ridge of high woody hills.
The exterior steps of the Chatsworth House, South Front featured in the movie Pride and Prejudice.
In the 2005 film version of Pride and Prejudice by Joe Wright, Chatsworth House was chosen as the Pemberley house but it was mainly used for the exterior scenes. They were not able to use the interior because there were some changes in the management during the filming period. Chatsworth was chosen as the Pemberley house because it was thought that Jane Austen visited Chatsworth in 1811 and used it as the background for Pemberley in her novel.
Chatsworth House is a baroque style house designed by William Talman and Thomas Archer and is located in North Derbyshire, England. It is the home of Duke of Devonshire. The house is set in expansive parkland and backed by wooded, rocky hills rising to heather moorland and contains a unique collection of priceless paintings, furniture, “Old Master” drawings, neoclassical sculpture, books and other artifacts. It has a 105-acre garden and a public park on the banks of river Derwent.
Chatsworth House, with its elegant façade, became known as the “Palace of the Peaks”. It has been home for not more than 12 Dukes of Devonshire and it has undergone a lot of changes ever since. Sir William Cavendish bought the estate of Chatsworth in 1549 and in 1552, he and his wife Elizabeth Talbot, also known as “Bess of Hardwick”, built the first house.
In 1687, the house was rebuild by the 4th Earl of Devonshire. He planned to reconstruct only the side wing and he decided to keep the Elizabethan courtyard plan as it is, despite the fact that it has become very unfashionable. He built a new family room. His intention was only to reconstruct the South Front but when he started the work, he found the building so delightful that he could not stop and then the East Front followed, including the Painted Hall and then a long gallery, now the library. He rebuilt the West Front and finally the North Front. A pond was dug where once was a hill. The new building was finished in 1707.
The 6th Duke, William Spencer Cavendish also known as the “Bachelor Duke” devoted most of his time improving Chatsworth. He was a passionate traveler, a builder, a gardener and a collector. He was tempted to destroy the state apartment and make new bedrooms but instead he made some additions. Jeffry Wyatville, an architect was commissioned to modernize Chatsworth to suit the lifestyle of the 19th century. The Duke became very interested in gardening after he met Joseph Paxton, a young gardener. It was this young man, Joseph Paxton who is responsible for the present appearance of the gardens.
The cascading steps. The maze.
Chatsworth’s garden has different features from different centuries. There are cascades, fountains, ponds, rare trees and specimen shrubs. There are also rocks, buildings, and temples, old and new sculptures. The cascading steps is the finest water work in the garden which was finished in 1696 and after five years, it was built again in a more bigger scale. A Frenchman named Grillet designed it. The house at the top was put in 1703. It has 24 steps falling 200 yards down the hill; the water comes out from the branches of the willow tree fountain and the water-powered sculpture. There is also a huge maze and a kitchen garden.
The main hallway of Chatsworth house with a baroque painting on the ceilng.
The Chatsworth House is full of irregularities and the interiors are collections of different styles. The Dukes tried to adapt it to the lifestyle of their time without changing the fundamentals of its layout making it unique. The music room features a very convincing Trompe l’oeil of a violin and bow hanging on a silver knob on the door. It was painted by Jan van der Vaart. Some interiors were featured in the movie Pride and Prejudice.
Chatsworth House is one of the most popular attractions in Derbyshire now. The house has undergone a lot of constructions and today at this day, it stands beautifully in the heart of England. The interior of the house is breath taking as it has all the features of almost all the centuries. Anyone is allowed to visit the house and experience how it feels to live in such a beautiful and magnificent house.
- UKTV (2012), The History of Chatsworth, viewed 10th March 2012,<http://uktv.co.uk/blighty/item/aid/583179>
- Wikipedia (2012), Chatsworth House, viewed 10th March 2012,<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chatsworth_House#Early_Chatsworth>
- Derby Photos (2012), Photographs of Chatsworth House in Derbyshire, England, viewed 10th March 2012, <http://www.derbyphotos.co.uk/areas_a_h/chatsworth.htm>
- Wikipedia (2012), Pemberley, viewed 10th March 2012, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pemberley#In_film_and_television>
- Chatsworth (2012), Chatsworth Factsheets: A history of Chatsworth and the Cavendish family, viewed 10th March 2012, <http://www.chatsworth.org/files/fom_history.pdf>
- Chatsworth House, which was featured as Pemberley in Pride and Prejudice.
- The exterior steps of the Chatsworth House, South Front featured in the movie Pride and Prejudice
- The cascading steps.
- The maze.
- The main hallway of Chatsworth house with a baroque painting on the ceilng.